In our earth we thought that only some animals are dangerous, not only animals but some plants are also so dangerous in our world.Some plants also makes both physical and chemical types of defense mechanism to escape from herbivorous animals.
Atropa Belladonna was the most toxic plant in the world than any other. Atropa Belladonna was also known as Belladonna or Deadly Nightshade, is a perennial herbaceous plant.Atropa Belladonna has a so many toxins include atropine, scropolamine and hyoscyamine which cause delirium and hallucination, Atropa Belladonna has an unpredictable effects.
Atropa Belladonna was grown upto 2m (6.6 ft) tall with leaves 7.1 inch long.The shape of the flowers of the Atropa Belladona was bell-shaped and it has purple with green tinges.The fruits is in green colour and grows up to 1.5cm diameter. Atropa Belladonna was mostly grow in Southern, Central and, Eastern Europe and it is also grow in North Africa, Turkey, Iran. Atropa Belladonna was also used in some medicines
2. Nerium Oleander:
Nerium Oleander was the second most toxic plant in the world. Nerium Oleander is most commonly kmown as Nerium or Oleander. Nerium Oleander is belonged to the dogdone family and it is a small shrub tree. Nerium was first discoverd by Linnaeus in 1753. Nerium was grows up to 2-6 m tall with erect stems and flowers grown in clusters at the end of branch they are white, pink to red in colour.
Nerium fruits has a long narrow pair of follicles it grows up to 5- 23 cm long. Nerium was mostly found in southern Asia and southern parts of China.It is mostly grown around stream beds in river valleys. Ingestion of this plant can effect gastrointestinal effects can consist of nausea and vomiting and it is also effects our heart.
3. Cicuta or Water Hemlock:
Cicuta was also known as Water Hemlock.It is the third most toxic and dangerous plant in the world..It belongs to the perennial herbaceous plants and it grows up to 2.5 meters tall. Cicuta was mostly grown in wet meadows in Northern Hemisphere mainly North America and Europe.
Cicuta mainly contains cicutoxin which causes central nervous system stimulatory effects including seizures. Cicuta grows up to 2.5 meters tall and the leafs are 5-10 centimeter in length and sharply toothed and the flowers are green or white petals clustered in an umbrella shape and the fruits are 4-6 millimeters in length.
4. Abrus Precatorius or Rosary Pea:
Abrus Precatorius is an herbaceous flowering plant.It belongs to the bean family Fabaceae and it is also known as Jequirity Bean or Rosary Pea. Abrus Precatorius was mostly in Asia and Australia.It has a long pinnate leaves and also it has a small black and red colour fruits.
Abrus Precatorius is a rare plant but toxic and most dangerous plant in the world.It con tains lethal toxin, Abrin, that inhibits protein synthesis causing cell death.And these seeds are used for suicidal purpose.
5. Castor Oil Plant:
Castor Oil Plant was belongs to the spurge family.It is also known as Castor Bean or Ricinus Communis or Castor Oil. Castor Oil Plant seeds mostly contains triglycerides mainly ricinolein.It grows nearly 12 meter tall and the glossy leaves are 15-45 centimeters long.
Castor Oil was also used in medicines and other applications.Castor Oil plant was mostly seen in India, China and Brazil.The oil rich seeds contains the poison ricin, one of the most toxic substances.
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